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The state of the world’s vital water resources


 
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#1 eds

eds

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Posted 06 May 2019 - 08:09 AM

Every person on Earth should have access to reliable water supplies.
. . . Water is essential for:
. . . . . . sanitation,
. . . . . . hygiene, and
. . . . . . daily survival,
. . . but in some places,
. . . conflict over water is becoming more commonplace.

According to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), agriculture uses about
. . . 70% of water withdrawals on average, and up to,
. . . 95% in some developing countries.
Agriculture is also a major source of water pollution, from:
. . . . . . fertilizers,
. . . . . . chemical pesticides and
. . . . . . other contaminants.

36 countries are experiencing “extremely high” water stress, where more than
. . . 80% of their available water is being used annually:
. . . . . . Singapore,
. . . . . . Jamaica,
. . . . . . Malta,
. . . . . . Qatar,
. . . . . . Cyprus, and
. . . . . . Barbados, top the list of most water-stressed countries.

Water-dependent thermal power plants generate about
. . . 81% of the world’s electricity, use fuels such as:
. . . . . . coal,
. . . . . . gas, or
. . . . . . nuclear sources to make heat, which is then converted into electrical energy.

40% of India’s thermal power plant facilities,
. . . are located in areas of high water stress.

As of 2015, more than
. . . 800 million people lack even a basic drinking water source within
. . . 15 minutes of their home, and only
. . . 40% of the world population uses
. . . managed sanitation services, creating the conditions for diseases such as:
. . . . . . cholera,
. . . . . . dysentery, and
. . . . . . typhoid to spread.

5-6-2019 Source:  The state of the world’s vital water resources

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